张涛,王长朋,刘静.X80 管线钢在酸性环境下的氢致开裂行为研究[J].表面技术,2014,43(6):48-52.
ZHANG Tao,WANG Chang-peng,LIU Jing.Hydrogen Induced Cracking Behavior of X80 Pipeline Steel in Acidic Environment in China[J].Surface Technology,2014,43(6):48-52
X80 管线钢在酸性环境下的氢致开裂行为研究
Hydrogen Induced Cracking Behavior of X80 Pipeline Steel in Acidic Environment in China
投稿时间:2014-07-15  修订日期:2014-12-10
DOI:
中文关键词:  X80 管线钢  氢致开裂(HIC)  酸性环境
英文关键词:X80 pipeline steel  hydrogen induced cracking  acidic environment
基金项目:
作者单位
张涛 1. 西南技术工程研究所, 重庆 400039; 2. 重庆市环境腐蚀与防护工程技术研究中心, 重庆 400039 
王长朋 1. 西南技术工程研究所, 重庆 400039; 2. 重庆市环境腐蚀与防护工程技术研究中心, 重庆 400039 
刘静 1. 西南技术工程研究所, 重庆 400039; 2. 重庆市环境腐蚀与防护工程技术研究中心, 重庆 400039 
AuthorInstitution
ZHANG Tao 1. Southwest Technology and Engineering Research Institute, Chongqing 400039, China;2. Chongqing Engineering Research Center for Environmental Corrosion and Protection, Chongqing 400039, China 
WANG Chang-peng 1. Southwest Technology and Engineering Research Institute, Chongqing 400039, China;2. Chongqing Engineering Research Center for Environmental Corrosion and Protection, Chongqing 400039, China 
LIU Jing 1. Southwest Technology and Engineering Research Institute, Chongqing 400039, China;2. Chongqing Engineering Research Center for Environmental Corrosion and Protection, Chongqing 400039, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究 X80 管线钢在我国典型酸性环境(鹰潭土壤模拟溶液)下的氢致开裂行为。 方法采用电化学动电位扫描技术、慢应变速率拉伸实验和扫描电镜技术,分析氢在 X80 管线钢中的渗透行为、材料的放氢行为、电化学充氢对材料拉伸性能的影响以及材料断口的形貌。 结果 通过氢渗透实验测得,在室温下,氢在 X80 管线钢中的的氢扩散通量 J肄 = 7. 31×10-11 mol/ (cm2 ·s),有效扩散系数 Deff =5. 36×10-8 cm2 / s,可扩散氢浓度 C0 = 7. 64×10-5 mol/ cm3。 钢中的氧化铝类非金属夹杂及表面点蚀坑促进了氢致裂纹的萌生,充氢后试样发生穿晶断裂。 随着充氢时间的增加,断口由韧性断裂转变为脆性断裂,氢致开裂敏感性增高。 结论 X80 管线钢在我国典型酸性环境下(鹰潭土壤模拟溶液)具有较高的氢致开裂敏感性。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the hydrogen induced cracking (HIC) behavior of X80 pipeline steel in the typical acidic environment (simulated solutions of the acidic soil in Yingtan). Methods Using the potentiodynamic polarization curves, slow strain rate test (SSRT) and SEM technology, the behavior of hydrogen permeation, the behavior of hydrogen release, the influence of tensile properties after hydrogen charging and the fracture morphology were analyzed. Results According to the result of hydrogen permeation test, the hydrogen diffusion flux at room temperature was 7. 31×10-11 mol/ (cm2·s), the effective diffusivity of hydrogen was 5. 36×10-8 cm2 / s and the diffusible hydrogen concentration was 7. 64×10-5 mol/ cm3. Moreover, the alumina nonmetallic inclusions and surface pitting promoted the initiation hydrogen induced crack, and the failure mode was transgranular cracking after hydrogen charging. With the increase of hydrogen charging time, the fracture morphology changed from ductile fracture to brittle fracture, and the sensitivity to HIC increased. Conclusion X80 pipeline steel had high sensitivity to HIC in the typical acidic environment (simulated solutions of the acidic soil in Yingtan).
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