常兰,秦伟超.低温等离子体对碳纳米管表面改性的研究进展[J].表面技术,2013,42(6):78-82.
CHANG Lan,QIN Wei-chao.Research Progress in the Surface Modification of Carbon Nanotube by Low Temperature Plasma[J].Surface Technology,2013,42(6):78-82
低温等离子体对碳纳米管表面改性的研究进展
Research Progress in the Surface Modification of Carbon Nanotube by Low Temperature Plasma
投稿时间:2013-07-06  修订日期:2013-08-18
DOI:
中文关键词:  低温等离子体  碳纳米管  表面改性
英文关键词:low temperature plasma  carbon nanotube  surface modification
基金项目:乐山市科技局重点研究计划项目(13GZD038)
作者单位
常兰 核工业西南物理研究院, 成都 610041;成都理工大学 工程技术学院, 乐山 614007 
秦伟超 东北师范大学 环境学院, 长春 130117 
AuthorInstitution
CHANG Lan Southwest Institute of Nuclear Industry and Physics, Chengdu 610041, China;The Engineering Technical College, Chengdu University of Technology, Leshan 614007, China 
QIN Wei-chao School of Environment, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130117, China 
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中文摘要:
      首先介绍了应用于碳纳米管表面改性的产生低温等离子体的常用方法及其优缺点。 然后阐述了低温等离子体对碳纳米管的不同改性方法,改性后碳纳米管表面含氧官能团含量增加或接枝上大量新的化学基团。 探讨了对改性前后碳纳米管的分析方法,用水接触角测试技术表征亲疏水性,用光谱分析技术表征化学元素和化学基团,用扫描电镜透射电镜等分析表面形态。 最后对低温等离子体改性后的碳纳米管在环境保护和复合材料等领域中的研究进展情况进行了综述,并指出目前存在的问题和今后的发展方向。
英文摘要:
      The common methods used to the surface modification of carbon nanotubes with low temperature plasma are presented in this paper, each with its merits and demerits. Then the different modification methods for the carbon nanotubes with low temperature plasma are described. After modification, there are increased content of oxygenic functional groups or addition of a large amount of new chemical groups on the surface of the carbon nanotubes. The analysis methods are discussed for the carbon nanotubes with or without processing, such as the water contact angle measuring technique for the hydrophilicity and hydrophobility, the spectrum analysis method for the chemical elements and groups, and the surface morphology with SEM and TEM. At last, the research progress in the application of the carbon nanotube modified with low temperature plasma in the fields of environmental protection and composition materials is reviewed. Furthermore, some current existing problems and the future development orientation are stated briefly.
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